By Aleksander So??enicyn
Archipelag GUŁAG: 1918-1956, próba dochodzenia literackiego (Архипелаг ГУЛАГ) – najważniejsze, trzytomowe dzieło Aleksandra Sołżenicyna, napisane w formie relacji historycznej, powstałe w latach 1958-1968. Na Zachodzie wydano je po raz pierwszy w 1973, zaś w Związku Radzieckim oficjalnie w 1989 (wcześniej funkcjonowało w obiegu podziemnym).
Jest ono wymownym świadectwem zbrodniczej działalności systemu komunistycznego w ZSRR. Autor, wykorzystując swoje doświadczenia, pokazał rozwój i rozprzestrzenianie się systemu więziennictwa radzieckiego, którego celem pierwotnym miała być "eliminacja wrogich klas społecznych". W konsekwencji powstał cały "archipelag" obozów koncentracyjnych i obozów morderczej pracy, nazwany od instytucji zarządzającej (Gławnoje Uprawlenije Łagierej) Archipelagiem GUŁag. Dzieło jest świadectwem stopniowego odzierania człowieka z jego godności i zmuszania do niewolniczej pracy pod bardzo wzniosłymi hasłami.
Na Zachodzie książka ta wywołała ogromne poruszenie, które doprowadziło do rozwiania iluzji na temat systemu komunistycznego oraz osłabienia wpływów komunistów zachodnioeuropejskich.
By Cathy Porter
Alexandra Kollontai used to be a key chief of the Russian Socialist stream, the single lady within the early Soviet executive, and essentially the most recognized ladies in Russian background. She labored tirelessly all her lifestyles as a speaker, author, and organizer for women's emancipation. This compelling biography recounts her lifestyles for an rising iteration of combatants for women's liberation.
Cathy Porter is a translator, instructor, and researcher on Russian historical past. She is the writer of Fathers and Daughters: Russian ladies in Revolution and translator of Alexandra Kollontai's Love of employee Bees.
By Steven A. Usitalo
This research explores the evolution of Lomonosov’s enforcing stature in Russian proposal from the center of the eighteenth century to the final years of the Soviet interval. It unearths a lot in regards to the intersection in Russian tradition of attitudes in the direction of the which means and importance of technology, in addition to concerning the upward push of a Russian nationwide id, of which Lomonosov grew to become a very good image. Idealized depictions of Lomonosov have been hired by way of Russian scientists, historians, and poets, between others, in efforts to verify to their countrymen and to the kingdom the pragmatic benefits of technology to a modernizing country. In atmosphere forth this assumption, Usitalo notes that no sharply drawn department could be upheld among the usage of the parable of Lomonosov throughout the Soviet interval of Russian historical past and that which characterised prior perspectives. the most components that shaped the mythology have been laid down within the eighteenth and 19th centuries; Soviet students easily additional extra exaggerated layers to present representations.
By Dan Healey
Clouds above the Hill is without doubt one of the best-selling novels ever in Japan, and is now translated into English for the 1st time. An epic portrait of Japan in drawback, it combines picture army heritage and hugely readable fiction to depict an aspiring country modernizing at breakneck pace. Best-selling writer Shiba Ryōtarō committed a complete decade of his lifestyles to this notable blockbuster, which gains Japan's rising onto the realm degree through the early years of the twentieth century.
Volume I describes the expansion of Japan’s fledgling Meiji nation, a big "character" within the novel. we're additionally brought to our 3 heroes, born into obscurity, the brothers Akiyama Yoshifuru and Akiyama Saneyuki, who will move directly to play very important roles within the jap military and army, and the poet Masaoka Shiki, who will spend a lot of his brief lifestyles attempting to determine the haiku as a revered poetic form.
Anyone curious as to how the "tiny, emerging kingdom of Japan" used to be in a position to struggle so fiercely for its survival may still glance no additional. Clouds above the Hill is an exhilarating, human portrait of a modernizing country that is going to battle and thereby stakes its very life on a determined bid for glory in East Asia.
By Fyodor Dostoyevsky
Asked through me on WCD and stuffed as regular through their standard.
Translated by means of Villas-Boas Herculano
Google translated description:
The brothers Karamazov is the final novel through Dostoevsky. primarily, it summarizes all of the creativity of the author, citing the rattling existential questions that plagued his complete lifestyles, with specific awareness to the blatant ethical degradation of humanity clear of Christian beliefs. jam-packed with adventures, the tale brings into concentration 3 brothers protagonists, representatives of a few of the points of Russian fact -the libertine Dmitry, the nihilistic Ivan and Alyosha chic - so one can lighten the unfathomable depths of the center dropped at the sin corrupted by means of questions or transbordantede love.
Os irmãos Karamázov é o último romance de Dostoiévski. No fundo, ele resume toda a criatividade do escritor, trazendo à baila as malditas questões existenciais que o afligiram a vida inteira, com especial relevo para a flagrante degradação ethical da humanidade afastada dos ideais cristãos. Cheia de peripécias, a narrativa põe em foco três protagonistas irmãos, representantes dos mais diversos aspectos da realidade russa –o libertino Dmítri, o niilista Ivan e o elegant Aliocha –, a fim de alumiar as profundezas insondáveis do coração entregue ao pecado, corrompido por dúvidas ou transbordantede amor.
By Venedikt Erofeev
A searing portrait of a rustic in disarray, and of the fellow at its helm, from "the bravest of newshounds" (The big apple Times)
Hailed as "a lone voice crying out in an ethical barren region" (New Statesman), Anna Politkovskaya made her identify along with her fearless reporting at the conflict in Chechnya. Now she turns her steely gaze at the a number of threats to Russian balance, between them President Putin himself.
Putin's Russia depicts a far-reaching nation of degradation. Politkovskaya describes a military during which infantrymen die from malnutrition, mom and dad needs to pay bribes to get well their useless sons' our bodies, and conscripts are even employed out as slaves. She exposes rampant corruption in enterprise, govt, and the judiciary, the place every little thing from shop allows to bus routes to courtroom appointments is on the market. and she or he bargains a scathing condemnation of the continued warfare in Chechnya, the place kidnappings, extrajudicial killings, rape, and torture are begetting terrorism instead of battling it.
Sounding an pressing alarm, Putin's Russia is either a gripping portrayal of a rustic in concern and the testomony of a very good and intrepid reporter.
By Stephen M. Norris
A primary measurement of the Russian old adventure has been the range of its humans and cultures, religions and languages, landscapes and economies. for 6 centuries this variety used to be contained in the sprawling territories of the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union, and it persists at the present time within the entwined states and societies of the previous USSR. Russia's humans of Empire explores this enduring multicultural global via lifestyles tales of 31 individuals―famous and vague, excessive born and coffee, males and women―that remove darkness from the cross-cultural exchanges at paintings from the past due 1500s to post-Soviet Russia. engaged on the dimensions of a unmarried lifestyles, those microhistories shed new gentle at the multicultural personality of the Russian Empire, which either formed contributors' lives and in flip was once formed via them.